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Stored procedures in sql server

stored procedures example in sql

What is Stored procedure?
Store procedure is a database object in SQL Server, A store procedure is a set of sql statements with some business logic written inside, compiled and stored in the database.

Store procedure is pre compiled and type safe, work faster than normal query during runtime.

Store procedure is a reusable object can be called from different places with parameters.

There are two types of Stored procedure in SQL Server, User defined store procedure and System store procedure

Why to use SET NOCOUNT ON in stored procedure?
When we write SET NOCOUNT ON it means it will not return the messages of the number of rows affected.

Write Store Procedures in SQL Server

User defined store procedure is the mixture of DDL (Data Definition Language) and DML (Data Manipulation Language ) commands, We can write both type of statment in Store procedures

Now we see how to Create A Stored Procedure In SQL Server Management Studio

create storedprocedure in sql database

Stored procedure example in sql

In this store procedure we write one select and one update statement, and the sp will have one mandatory parameter called studentId

CREATE PROCEDURE usp_UpdateDetails
@studentId bigint
declare @currentStudentId bigint
select @currentStudentId=StudentId from tbStudent
where StudentId=@studentId
update tbAdmission
set AdmissionDate=getdate()
where StudentId=@currentStudentId               

Now call the store procedure with Parameter value, if you don't provide parameter value this will produce error.

exec usp_UpdateDetails 2

Here are few points to remember while writing a store procedure

  • If updating / inserting / deleting from more than one table, must use transaction
  • In store procedure must write try catch block to implement error handling
  • Never write multiple functionalities into one store procedure, rather break the functionalities into multiple store procedure, maintain Single Responsibility Principle

stored procedures and functions

We can call any UDF (user defined function) from stored procedures, there are difference between stored procedures and functions, learn more about UDF (user defined function)

Can I call a store procedure within a store procedure?
Yes, Store procedure can be executed from anywhere

stored procedures and triggers

Can I call a Trigger within a store procedure?
No, Trigger gets fired based on event on table, learn more about Trigger

Return Multiple Recrodsets using Storeprocedures Example
Below example will return details from tbStudent and tbTeacher table

create procedure usp_getStudentsTeachers
set nocount on
Select fullname, address, contactnumber from dbo.tbStudent
Select fullname, address, contactnumber from dbo.tbTeacher

You should also read how to read multiple recrodset using DataReader in Ado.Net