Creating primary key in sql table helps retrieving record faster from table using that key value. In this tutorial you will learn How to create primary key in SQL server database, difference between sql primary key and unique key.
A primary key in SQL Table helps to identify each row/record in a table uniquely.
Here is the characteristic of "primary key in sql table".
All primary keys are unique keys, but all unique keys are not necessarily primary key.
ColumnName datatype not null identity(1,1) PRIMARY KEY,
Note: identity(1,1) seed not Necessary while creating the primary key, but in general we set the
identity seed for Primary Key column most of the time.
CREATE TABLE ClassStudentMap ( CSId int not null identity(1,1) PRIMARY KEY, ClassId int NOT NULL, StudentId bigint NOT NULL );
You may check the Foreign Key to understand the more insight about Primary Key.
Composite primary key also known as Composite key in SQL Table, this type of primary key is created when we need more than one column is used to specify the primary key of that table.
Take a look at following Composite key example; I have made [OrderId] and [RefId] both as Composite Primary Key
Create TABLE [dbo].[tbOrder]( [OrderId] [bigint] NOT NULL, [RefId] [varchar](50) NOT NULL, [SellerId] [bigint] NOT NULL, CONSTRAINT [PK_tbOrder] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED ( [OrderId] ASC, [RefId] ASC ) ) ON [PRIMARY]
We could have also written the same above query differently like example below ,
simply define the column name within
PRIMARY KEY ([col1],[col2])
Create TABLE [dbo].[tbOrder]( [OrderId] [bigint] NOT NULL, [RefId] [varchar](50) NOT NULL, [SellerId] [bigint] NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY ([OrderId],[RefId]) )
You should also read SQL Foreign Key concept.