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JavaScript Date Function, JavaScript Date Time AM PM example, Capture Date Time in Javascript

JavaScript Date Function Example

In JavaScript we have Date object, which provides many built-in properties and methods to find different format of date and time.

JavaScript Date Methods

To get date in Javascript, you need to write new Date();

Javascript getDate() method

<script>
var d = new Date();
document.write("Date is" + d.getDate());<br />
</script>
// date result here

Javascript getMonth() method

The getMonth() method returns number (0-11) as the month of a date, so you may consider number+1

<script>
var d = new Date();
document.write("Month is" + d.getMonth());<br />
</script>
// month result here

Javascript getFullYear() method
Use Javascript getFullYear() to get the year, not getYear()

<script>
var d = new Date();
document.write("Year is" + d.getFullYear());<br />
</script>
// year result here

Capture Current Time in JavaScript Example

To get the time in javascript you can concatinate getHours() getMinutes() getSeconds()

  • Javascript getHours() method
    var _date = new Date();
    document.writeln("Hours:"+ _date.getHours());
    
  • Javascript getMinutes() method
    var _date = new Date();
    document.writeln("Minutes:"+ _date.getMinutes());
    
  • Javascript getSeconds() method
    var _date = new Date();
    document.writeln("Seconds:"+ _date.getSeconds());
    
<script>
var d = new Date();
document.write("Hour is " + d.getHours() +"</br>");            
document.write("Minute is " + d.getMinutes() + "</br>");            
document.write("Second is " + d.getSeconds() + "</br>");            
</script>

// Current time result here

Javascript Date Time AM or PM Example

Now you may have a question how to know if the time is AM or PM right ? You have to use some logic as given below.

<script>
function getAMPM(date) {
var hours = date.getHours();
var minutes = date.getMinutes();
var seconds = date.getSeconds();
var ampm = hours >= 12 ? 'PM' : 'AM';
hours = hours % 12;
hours = hours ? hours : 12; // if the hour is '0' then should be '12'
minutes = minutes < 10 ? '0' + minutes : minutes;
    var strTime = hours + ':' + minutes + ':' + seconds + ' ' + ampm;
    return strTime;
}
document.write("Current Time is " + getAMPM(new Date()));
</script>
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