ASP.Net is a rich web development environment provided by Microsoft, It has three major components inside the framework, Class Library, CLR (Common Language Runtime) and CLS (Common Language Specification), learn more about .net framework.
But before we talk about Asp.net Framework and Project Template, you should have some idea about .Net Framework; Asp.net is just a part of .Net Framework.
Here is a quick overview of .Net Framework evolved with time.
As you can see in above picture that Asp.Net is just a part of huge .Net Framework, now in this tutorial we learn about Asp.net application development.
Now you have seen in above picture that Asp.Net is just a part of .Net Framework, so here in this tutorial we talk about Asp.net Framework part only.
Let’s open your visual studio, and then start with an asp.net project, you will learn what those component inside asp.net project framework are !
Once you open a new project in visual studio, you need to select a Templates => (selected language C#) => "Web"
As you can see in the picture below there are different type of Asp.net projects (like Webform, MVC etc) , here we select a Webform to start with.
Now, you have just created a Asp.Net project, there are some ready to use in-built files and few different folders, so let's get familiar with the structure.
Asp.net framework is evolving, so you see some new features in every new release, but as .net framework , there are major two following framework apart from basic asp.net framework, which was aspx or asp.net form with viewstate.